Montreux Collaborative
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Montreux Collaborative on
Fiscal Space, Public Financial Management and Health Financing

The Montreux Collaborative is a platform for collaboration between countries and development partners with the aim of generating and disseminating global and country evidence on how to make budgets work for health, with a specific focus on transforming budget formulation and execution practices to make them more agile and responsive to health sector needs

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The Montreux Collaborative started in 2014, when WHO convened the first meeting in Montreux, Switzerland. Since then, biennial meetings bring together more than 2,000 experts and partners interested in the critical relationship between fiscal space, public financial management (PFM) and health financing towards the goal of universal health coverage (UHC).

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The aim of the Montreux Collaborative is to raise the profile of public finance towards achieving UHC, to generate and exchange ideas and lessons to support the implementation of tailored reforms in health, and to consolidate and broaden the network of experts and partners interested in public finance issues for health.

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The Montreux Collaborative is a platform for professionals and organizations passionate about PFM for health. This extensive community is comprised of policymakers, practitioners, researchers, and advocates who are actively engaged in advancing the understanding and implementation of PFM practices in the health sector in countries across the world.

Image used under license from Shutterstock.com

Resource Hub

WHO has collated key resources to raise awareness and strengthen understanding of the importance of PFM in the health sector. The repository contains various types of materials (e.g. books, working papers, policy briefs, journal articles, blogs, audio files, videos, etc.) produced by a range of partners and experts. The materials are all available on-line and easy-to-use for self-learning. This hub will be regularly updated with new resources.


Since 2014, the Montreux Collaborative meetings have been led by the WHO Health Financing unit in collaboration with various development partners, foundations and civil society organizations active in the PFM and health agenda, including the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Gavi, The Vaccine Alliance, The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, International Budget Partnership, Results for Development (R4D), and ThinkWell.

Image used under license from Shutterstock.com
Image used under license from Shutterstock.com

WHO work on fiscal space, PFM and health financing

WHO provides support to its Member States to assess and strengthen public finance systems in support of reforms towards reaching UHC. WHO provides guidance on how to formulate, implement and account for health budgets based on a number of tools and guidelines including PFM bottleneck assessment, analysis of budget structure and assessment of health budget execution practices.